Sinus Surgery: When is it Necessary and What Types of Procedures Exist?

ENT doctorSinus surgery, like any other major procedure, isn't something that you should take lightly. In addition, it's not something you hear about every day, which is why it's important to know what you're getting into if you're thinking about having a procedure done.

Whether you've been diagnosed with sinusitis or your suffering from another nasal or breathing issue, you need to see an ENT doctor for this procedure. Here's everything you need to know, from when surgery is necessary to what kinds of procedures exist.

When is sinus surgery necessary?

Chronic Sinus Issues
If you have ongoing sinus issues that are affecting your health, sinus surgery or even facial plastic surgery might be necessary. If a sinus issue is impervious to antibiotics, it's considered chronic.

Recurring Sinus Infections
Sinus infections are dangerous, and you should definitely consider sinus surgery if you experience them regularly. Four or more infections within 12 months is the general rule for this classification.

Airway Obstruction
Humans possess approximately 12 million olfactory receptor cells, but if you can't breathe properly then smelling things isn't going to be possible. This is an especially important reason to consider sinus surgery.

What types of surgery are available?

Functional Endoscopic Surgery
Your ENT doctor will perform this procedure using a lighted tube that looks directly into the sinuses and nostrils. This allows a surgeon to remove tissue, clear out the sinuses, and even make sinus drainage openings larger.

Balloon Sinuplasty
This might sound like a strange version of a rhinoplasty cosmetic surgery, but it simply widens the sinus openings. This is done using a catheter with an inflatable balloon which is blown up to expand the sinuses.

Open Sinus Surgery
In more complex or serious cases of sinusitis, open sinus surgery may be necessary. This involves making an incision directly over each sinus so they can be opened for tissue removal and reconstruction, if necessary.

If you think you're a good candidate for sinus surgery, you should visit your ENT doctor and discuss the potential benefits that one of these procedures might have for you.